Preposition

Defination : A preposition is a word that shows the relationship between two things. In the example above, the prepositions show the relationships between a plane and a cloud. Below is a list of most common

Below is a list of most common prepositions:

about

beside

inside

to

above

besides

like

toward

across

between

near

under

after

beyond

of

underneath

against

by

off

until

along

despite

on

up

among

down

out

with

around

during

outside

within

at

except

over

without

before

for

past

 

behind

from

since

 

below

in

through

 

beneath

into

throughout

 

Examples,

Preposition

How It’s Used

Example

Showing Time

 

 

At

exact times meal times parts of the day

age

at 3pm

at dinner at sundown at age 21

By

a limit in time

 

in the sense of at the latest

by sundown

 

by the due date

In

seasons months years durations

after a certain period of time

in the summer in November in 1992

in the same year

 

in an hour

On

days of the week

 

parts of the day where the day is named

 

dates

on Wednesday

 

on Friday night

 

 

on December 4th

Ago

a certain time in the past

2 years ago

After

a point in time that follows another point in time

after the game; after the surgery

Before

a point in time that precedes another point in time

before leaving; before breakfast; before 2004

During

something that happened/will happen in a specific period of time

during the night; during war

For

over a certain period in the

for 2 years

 

past

 

Past

telling the time

ten past six (6:10)

Since

from a certain period of time

since 1980; since the accident

Throughout

something that happened/will happen continuously in a specific period of time

throughout the year;

throughout the ordeal

To

telling time

 

from an earlier time to a later time

ten to six (5:50) 1pm to 3pm

Until

up to a certain point in time

 

how long something is going to last

until the end; until sunrise

Up (to)

from an earlier point to a later point

up (to) now

Showing Place

 

 

At

an object’s settled position or position after it has moved

 

meeting place or location point of direction

a target

at the airport; at the ceremony

 

at home; at the desk turning at the intersection

throwing the snowball at Lucy

By

close to

 

alongside of

by the school

 

by the window

In

in an enclosed space

in a geographic location in a print medium

in the garage; in an envelope

 

in San Diego; in Texas

 

in a book; in a magazine

On

for a certain side

on ​the left

 

for a river/lake

London lies ​on ​the Thames

 

for a floor in a house

on ​the floor

 

for public transport

on ​abus

 

for television, radio

on ​the air; ​on ​TV

About

around or outside of

about ​town

 

at but not exactly on

about ​five feet tall

 

related to

about ​my father’s business

Above

suspended higher than

above ​the door

 

something else

 

 

superior to

above ​me in rank

After

pursuit

chasing ​after ​the robbers

 

a point further from an

the corner ​after ​the big

 

earlier point

house

 

 

 

Against

leaning on

against ​the door

 

opposite to or facing

against ​the wall

Along

tracing the length of, without

along ​the hallway; ​along

 

emphasis on the ends

the river

 

 

 

Among

in the company of (three or

among ​friends

 

more)

among ​the masses

 

in a crowd

 

 

 

among ​other things

 

the end of a long list

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Around

location of something

drive ​around​the block

 

explaining a period of time

around​3 o’clock

Before

in the front in terms of space

before​the emperor; ​before

 

 

God

 

 

 

Behind

on the back side of a point in

behind​the car; ​behind​her

 

space

smile

 

 

 

Below

something lower than or

below​the stairs; ​below

 

underneath something else

expectations

 

 

 

From

in the sense of ​where from

a ​flower ​from the garden

Into

enter a room/building

go​into​the kitchen/house

Onto

movement to the top of

jump ​onto​the table

 

something

 

 

 

 

Over

covered by something else

put a jacket ​over​your shirt

 

“more than”

over​16 years of age

 

“getting to the other side”

walk ​over ​the bridge

 

overcoming an obstacle

climb ​over​the wall

Through

something with limits on

drive ​through​the tunnel

 

top, bottom and the sides

 

 

 

 

Towards

movement in the direction of

go 5 steps ​towards​the house

 

something (but not directly

 

 

to it)

 

 

 

 

Other Important

 

 

Prepositions

 

 

 

 

 

About

for topics, meaning ​what

we were talking ​about​you

 

about

 

 

 

 

At

For ​age

she learned Russian ​at ​45

By

who made it

a book ​by ​Mark Twain

 

rise or fall of something

prices have risen ​by​10

 

 

percent

 

travelling (other than

by​car, ​by ​bus

 

walking or horseriding)

 

From

who gave it

a present ​from​Jane

In

entering a car/taxi

get ​in ​the car

Of

who/what did it belong to

a page ​of​the book

 

what does it show

the picture ​of ​aplace

Off

leaving a public transport

get ​off ​the train

 

vehicle

 

 

 

 

On

walking or riding on

on​foot,​on​horseback

 

horseback

get ​on​the bus

 

entering a public transport

 

 

 

 

 

vehicle

 

 

 

 

Out of

leaving a car/taxi

get ​out​of the taxi

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