This part of a speech refers to words that are used to name persons, things, animals, places, ideas, or events. Nouns are the simplest among the 8 parts of speech

  • Tom Hanksis very versatile.

      The italicized noun refers to a name of a person.

  • Dogs can be extremely cute.

      In this example, the italicized word is considered a noun because it names an animal.

  • It is my birthday.

     The word “birthday” is a noun which refers to an event.

Types of nouns

  • Proper– proper nouns always start with a capital letter and refers to specific names of persons, places, or things.

   Examples: Volkswagen Beetle, Shakey’s Pizza, Game of Thrones

  • Common– common nouns are the opposite of proper nouns. These are just generic names of persons, things, or places.

    Examples: car, pizza parlor, TV series

  • Concrete– this kind refers to nouns which you can perceive through your five senses.

    Examples: folder, sand, board

  • Abstract-unlike concrete nouns, abstract nouns are those which you can’t perceive through your five senses.

      Examples: happiness, grudge, bravery

  • Count– it refers to anything that is countable, and has a singular and plural form.

      Examples:  kitten, video, ball

  • Mass– this is the opposite of count nouns. Mass nouns are also called non-countable nouns, and they need to have “counters” to quantify them.

        Examples of Counters: kilo, cup, meter

        Examples of Mass Nouns: rice, flour, garter

  • Collective– refers to a group of persons, animals, or things.

         Example: faculty (group of teachers), class (group of students), pride (group of lions)

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