This part of a speech refers to words that are used to name persons, things, animals, places, ideas, or events. Nouns are the simplest among the 8 parts of speech
- Tom Hanksis very versatile.
The italicized noun refers to a name of a person.
- Dogs can be extremely cute.
In this example, the italicized word is considered a noun because it names an animal.
- It is my birthday.
The word “birthday” is a noun which refers to an event.
Types of nouns
- Proper– proper nouns always start with a capital letter and refers to specific names of persons, places, or things.
Examples: Volkswagen Beetle, Shakey’s Pizza, Game of Thrones
- Common– common nouns are the opposite of proper nouns. These are just generic names of persons, things, or places.
Examples: car, pizza parlor, TV series
- Concrete– this kind refers to nouns which you can perceive through your five senses.
Examples: folder, sand, board
- Abstract-unlike concrete nouns, abstract nouns are those which you can’t perceive through your five senses.
Examples: happiness, grudge, bravery
- Count– it refers to anything that is countable, and has a singular and plural form.
Examples: kitten, video, ball
- Mass– this is the opposite of count nouns. Mass nouns are also called non-countable nouns, and they need to have “counters” to quantify them.
Examples of Counters: kilo, cup, meter
Examples of Mass Nouns: rice, flour, garter
- Collective– refers to a group of persons, animals, or things.
Example: faculty (group of teachers), class (group of students), pride (group of lions)