Articles

Definition of Articles:-

Def:- An article is a word used to modify a noun, which is a person, place, object, or idea. Technically, an article is an adjective, which is any word that modifies a noun.

Type oF Articles:-

  1. Definite Article
  2. Indefinite articles. 

Definite Article:-

Def:- This article is the word the, and it refers directly to a specific noun or groups of nouns.

Example:

  • Please close the door.
  • I like the clothes you gave me.
  • the alligator in the pond
  • Let’s read the book

Some Rules for definite articles

  1.  The noun describes a unique person, place, or thing

Example:

  • Please give this to the manager.
  • The sunis bright today.
  • Rain is falling heavily in the North.

 2. The noun is made specific by a superlative:

Example:

  • I bought the fastestcomputer they had

 3. The noun has been previously mentioned

  • Yesterday I saw a group of ESL students. The students were playing with a ball. The ball was white and blue. The ball rolled into a hole. The hole was small.

 4. The context or situation makes the noun’s identity clear

  • Please don’t slam thedoor when you leave.
  • Bob warned me that thedog playing in his yard is very affectionate and jumps on every person it meets.

 5. Count and Non count Nouns:- The can be used with noncount nouns, or the article can be omitted entirely.

Example:

  • “I love to sail over thewater” (some specific body of water) or “I love to sail over water” (any water).
  • “He spilled the milk all over the floor” (some specific milk, perhaps the milk you bought earlier that day) or “He spilled milk all over the floor” (any milk).

 6. Do use thebefore

  • names of rivers, oceans and seas: the Nile, the Pacific
  • points on the globe: the Equator, the North Pole
  • geographical areas: the Middle East, the West
  • deserts, forests, gulfs, and peninsulas: the Sahara, the Persian Gulf, the Black Forest, the Iberian Peninsula

 

Definite Article:-

Def:- This are the words a and an. Each of these articles is used to refer to a noun, but the noun being referred to is not a specific person, place, object, or idea. It can be any noun from a group of nouns.

Example:

  • a pencil
  • an orange
  • Let’s read a book

Some Rules for definite articles

  1. a+ singular noun beginning with a consonant

Example:

  • aboy; a car; a bike; a zoo; a dog

  2. an + singular noun beginning with a vowel

Example:

  • aboy; a car; a bike; a zoo; a dog

  3. a+ singular noun beginning with a consonant sound

Example:

  • an elephant; an egg; an apple; an idiot; an orphan

  4. a+ singular noun beginning with a consonant sound.

Example:

  • auser (sounds like ‘yoo-zer,’ i.e. begins with a consonant ‘y’ sound, so ‘a’ is used); a universitya

  5. an+ nouns starting with silent “h”

Example:

  • anhour

  6. a+ nouns starting with a pronounced “h”

Example:

  • ahorse

  7. If the noun is modified by an adjective, the choice between aand an depends on the initial sound of the adjective that immediately follows the article

Example:

  • aEuropean country (sounds like ‘yer-o-pi-an,’ i.e. begins with consonant ‘y’ sound)

 

Omission of Articles:-

  1. Some common types of nouns that don’t take an article are:
  2. Names of languages and nationalities: Chinese, English, Spanish, Russian (unless you are referring to the population of the nation: “TheSpanish are known for their warm hospitality.”)
  3. Names of sports: volleyball, hockey, baseball
  4. Names of academic subjects: mathematics, biology, history, computer science

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